Neurotic disorders, defined as neuroses are mental disorders of varying base (e.g. emotional or mental). Currently, this term is replaced by a more accurate determination - anxiety disorders.
People suffering from neurosis often behave strangely in contact with other people. They can constantly adjust everything, to bring the surroundings into a perfect state. They can also keep focusing attention on themselves and expect others interest. People with anxiety very often fall into addictions (drugs, stimulants).
Neurosis has many different symptoms. Some of them may be associated with severe pain of various internal organs. Other somatic symptoms are sexual dysfunction, abnormal functioning of certain organs and partial paralysis. Common symptoms of nervous disorders are obsessions (mental and motor) and phobias (e.g. arachnophobia, agoraphobia, claustrophobia). In addition neurosis may cause fits of anxiety, apathy, depression and sleep disturbances.
Antoni Kepinski undertook the classification of neuroses. He has identified six types of the disease, depending on symptoms. Firstly, there is fatigue neurosis, when patient’s cognitive processes are slowed down (patient can be either weak, or annoyed).Then, there is a type of hypochondriac neurosis, in which the mechanism of a vicious circle can be easily observed . Another type is the hysterical neurosis, in which the patients even theatrically exposes their problems. Depressive neurosis is characterized by a long-lasting apathy and reluctance towards any activity. The obsessive compulsive syndrome and compulsive behaviors are the bases of anankastic neurosis. The last type is anxiety neurosis which covers all phobias.
The cause of neurosis are primarily internal conflicts which solution is often impossible, or is associated with a large dose of stress. Trauma resulting from a tragedy, or lack of proper parental care in childhood can lead to nervous disorders. Anxiety leads to lower self-esteem, complexes, which can accumulate over time and push the patient to suicide.
Neurosis can be treated in two stages. There is a need of psychological therapy, through which internal problems of the patient can be solved. Psychotherapy can also eliminate various kinds of fears through their interpretations. Additionally, drug treatment can be introduced, based mainly on antidepressants or anxiolytic drugs (facilitating contact with the patient during psychotherapy).